[84], There have been books and films, such as the 2004 film Super Size Me, designed to highlight the potential negative health effects from the overconsumption of fast food such as its contribution to obesity. [16] Their Baghdadi contemporaries supplemented home-cooked meals with processed legumes, purchased starches, and even ready-to-eat meats. Obtaining Human Resource Management diploma or diploma in Fast Food Management can help to get a job in major fast food restaurants since it is one of the most desired. [78], Although trying to overcome criticism through healthy options on fast food menus, Marion Nestle, who serves as the chair of New York University's Department of Nutrition and Food Studies, suggests that fast-food industries intentionally market unhealthy foods to children through advertising options and therefore create customers for life. McLamore had visited the original McDonald's hamburger stand belonging to the McDonald brothers; sensing potential in their innovative assembly line-based production system, he decided he wanted to open a similar operation of his own. Print. In Ancient Rome, cities had street stands – a large counter with a receptacle in the middle from which food or drink would have been served. [14] In the mornings, bread soaked in wine was eaten as a quick snack and cooked vegetables and stews later in popina, a simple type of eating establishment. [citation needed] Prior to the rise of the fast food chain restaurant, people generally had a choice between diners where the quality of the food was often questionable and service lacking, or high-end restaurants that were expensive and impractical for families with children. Common menu items at fast food outlets include fish and chips, sandwiches, pitas, hamburgers, fried chicken, french fries, chicken nuggets, tacos, pizza, and ice cream, although many fast food restaurants offer "slower" foods like chili, mashed potatoes, and salads. [46] The median age of workers in the industry in 2013 was 28. [26], For the most part, someone visiting a McDonald's in the United States will have the same experience as someone visiting a McDonald's in Japan. [20], A blue plaque at Oldham's Tommyfield Market marks the origin of the fish and chip shop and fast food industries. The bill arose because of an increase in lawsuits against fast food chains by people who claimed that eating their products made them obese, disassociating themselves from any of the blame. Ray Kroc, who bought the franchising license from the McDonald brothers, pioneered concepts which emphasized standardization. There are many small local fast food chains that serve pizza, hamburgers, sushi and local foods such as hummus, falafel and shawarma. Le fast-food débute donc exclusivement et s'étend tout d'abord sur le territoire américain qui est son principal fondateur. A l’époque, on parlait déjà de malbouffe, mais la restau This makes it possible for kitchen crew people to view orders placed at the front counter or drive through in real time. Many gas stations in the United States and Europe also sell frozen foods, and have microwave ovens on the premises in which to prepare them. Meat is shaven from a rotisserie, and is served on a warmed flatbread with salad and a choice of sauce and dressing. [37] Fast food has been losing market share to fast casual dining restaurants, which offer more robust and expensive cuisines. "The Ethics of What We Eat: Why Our Food Choices Matter". [citation needed], In 2006, the global fast-food market grew by 4.8% and reached a value of £102.4 billion and a volume of 80.3 billion transactions. Most of these have had to make a lot of changes to their standard menus to cater to Indian food habits and taste preferences. They claim this funding allows these workers to "afford health care, food, and other basic necessities".[30][31]. FEBO in Amsterdam, Netherlands with automats. Je n’aime pas les fastfoods. Café de Coral alone serves more than 300,000 customers daily. [26] Sometimes it is necessary for a franchisee to modify the way the restaurant/store runs to meet the needs of local customers. [2] Today, American-founded fast food chains such as McDonald's (est. A study done in the city of Jeddah has shown that current fast-food habits are related to the increase of overweight and obesity among adolescents in Saudi Arabia. [60], Fast-food chains have come under criticism over concerns ranging from claimed negative health effects, alleged animal cruelty, cases of worker exploitation, and claims of cultural degradation via shifts in people's eating patterns away from traditional foods. 228–229. Automats remained extremely popular throughout the 1920s and 1930s. [15] In Asia, 12th century Chinese ate fried dough, soups and stuffed buns, all of which still exist as contemporary snack food. The Atlantic. [13] It was during post-WWII American economic boom that Americans began to spend more and buy more as the economy boomed and a culture of consumerism bloomed. Pour se distraire, Buffy essaie en vain de découvrir le fameux ingrédient secret qui fait la réputation des hamburgers de ce fast food. [42], In 2012, fast food restaurants spent roughly US$4.6 billion on advertising campaigns, which represented an 8% increase from 2009. In the Netherlands, walk-up fast food restaurants with automatiek, a typical Dutch vending machine, are found throughout the country, most notably in Amsterdam. — (Route Nationale, page 88, Lol Briggs, Bryan Goodman-Stephens, Paul Rogers, 1994) Variantes orthographiques [modifier le wikicode] fast-food Because of commercial emphasis on quickness, uniformity and low cost, fast food products are often made with ingredients formulated to achieve a certain flavor or consistency and to preserve freshness. Random House. [20] By 1910, there were more than 25,000 fish and chip shops across the UK, and in the 1920s there were more than 35,000 shops. The hamburger restaurant most associated by the public with the term "fast food" was created by two brothers originally from Nashua, New Hampshire. [23] The UK has adopted fast food from other cultures as well, such as pizza, doner kebab, and curry. A form of fast food created in Japan (where bentō is the Japanese variety of fast food), sushi is normally cold sticky rice flavored with a sweet rice vinegar and served with some topping (often fish), or, as in the most popular kind in the West, rolled in nori (dried laver) with filling. (anglicisme) recommandation officielle pour "fast-food". vorgesehen sind. After the original company began to falter in 1959, it was purchased by McLamore and Edgerton who renamed the company Burger King.[11]. (2002) found the number of fast food restaurants and bars was inversely proportional to the wealth of the neighborhood, and that predominantly African-American residential areas were four times less likely to have a supermarket near them than predominantly white areas. The chains have responded by "reducing packaging waste". La nourriture de fast-food, les snacks (frites, chips, biscuits) et sodas en sont des archétypes. There are two basic requirements identified in the guidelines for foods that are advertised for children: (1) The food has to include healthful ingredients; (2) The food can't contain unhealthful amounts of sugar, Saturated fat, Trans fat, and salt. A value meal is a group of menu items offered together at a lower price than they would cost individually. Hirschman, Charles, and Irina Voloshin. [44] Specifically, fast food restaurants have been increasing their advertising efforts that target black and Hispanic youth. In Defense of Food: an Eater's Manifesto. Richard and Maurice McDonald opened a barbecue drive-in in 1940 in the city of San Bernardino, California. This type of food is also often served with french fries (called batatas fritas), some international chains started appearing specialized in some of the typical Portuguese fast food such as Nando's. Fast food was originally created as a commercial strategy to accommodate the larger numbers of busy commuters, travelers and wage workers who often did not have the time to sit down at a public house or dinerand wait for their meal. It is served in most Dutch fast food restaurants. [36] Advertisements targeting children mainly focus on free toys, movie tie-ins and other giveaways. [82] Kelly Brownwell of The Atlantic Times has further supported this argument that another dangerous practice was adopted by Burger King and McDonald's for marketing to the innocent children. Fifty-six percent of students consume fast food on a weekly basis. Il y a un demi siecle, les freres mcDonalds créaient le premier fast-food. Fastfood består ofte af sandwiches, hamburgers, fish and chips, kebab, pitabrød, pommes frites, taco, pizza, selv om mange fastfoodrestauranter tilbyder andre retter som ikke er ligeså letspiste, som f.eks. Fast Food ist eine Form der Nahrungszubereitung und -darreichung, bei der Rationalität und Funktionalität der Nahrungszubereitung bzw. McDonald's announced that in March 2006, the chain would include nutritional information on the packaging of all of its products.[30]. Die Kategorie beinhaltet auch Gerichte, die regional keiner Hauptmahlzeit, sondern für eine Zwischenmahlzeit, Snack, Imbiss, Vesper u.ä. It trails only the burger industry in supplying children's fast food calories. Unlike richer town dwellers, many often could not afford housing with kitchen facilities and thus relied on fast food. [75] In 2014, the World Health Organization published a study which claims that deregulated food markets are largely to blame for the obesity crisis, and suggested tighter regulations to reverse the trend. It is a sweet, vinegary and low fat mayonnaise substitute, that the Dutch nevertheless still call "mayonnaise". In the latter case, a contract is made between the franchisee and the parent company, typically requiring the franchisee to pay an initial, fixed fee in addition to a continual percentage of monthly sales. In recent times, the boom in IT services has allowed customers to order food from their homes through their smart phone apps. The Dark Side of All American Meals. "Effects of Fast-Food Consumption on Energy Intake and Diet Quality Among Children in a National Household Survey". 2001, Walshe, Sadhbh. In a study of selected US locations, Morland et al. Numerous Automat restaurants were built around the country to deal with the demand. Brands; and Domino's Pizza, a pizza chain known for popularizing home delivery of fast food. as fast food. They normally offer a wide variety of Asian food (not always Chinese), which has normally been fried. [85], Food prepared and served in a small amount of time. Brownwell, Kelly. The largest McDonald's in the world, with 25,000 feet of play tubes, an arcade and play center, is located in Orlando, Florida, United States[52][clarification needed], There are numerous other fast food restaurants located all over the world. Maid-Rite restaurant is one of the oldest chain fast food restaurants in the United States. A clean atmosphere was only part of Kroc's grander plan which separated McDonald's from the rest of the competition and attributes to their great success. - Evan Schaeffer's Legal Underground", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Fast_food_restaurant&oldid=996749432, Articles lacking reliable references from February 2012, Wikipedia pages semi-protected from banned users, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2019, Articles with limited geographic scope from April 2012, Pages in non-existent country centric categories, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2007, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2012, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 1872: Walter Scott of Providence, RI outfitted a horse-drawn lunch wagon with a simple kitchen, bringing hot dinners to workers, 1994: Arctic Circle becomes the first fast food restaurant to sell. [27] The choice to introduce a shrimp burger was no coincidence, as a 1989 study stated that world consumption of shrimp was "led by Japan." [10], The traditional family dinner is increasingly being replaced by the consumption of takeaway fast food. Chinese takeaways/takeout restaurants are particularly popular in Western countries such as the US and UK. Essentially, in order to successfully launch this American brand in a foreign country, McDonald's interpreted the local interests of consumers in Moscow by promoting the origins of the produce used in the restaurant. This sense of reliability coupled with a positive customer experience brings customers to place trust in the company. Merdumo modern bêwaxt bi, her çi ebe teqeze resnênê ta, werdena xorê ki zaf waxt nêmendêne. [citation needed]. The Pita Pit franchise originated in Canada and has expanded to the United States and other Countries. In Nigeria, Mr. Bigg's, Chicken Republic, Tantalizers, and Tastee Fried Chicken are the predominant fast food chains. Salads or No, Cheap Burgers Revive McDonald's. [citation needed] Fast food restaurants rapidly became the eatery "everyone could agree on", with many featuring child-size menu combos, play areas, and whimsical branding campaigns, like the iconic Ronald McDonald, designed to appeal to younger customers. [29], The National Employment Law Project wrote in 2013, "according to a study by researchers at the University of California-Berkeley, more than half (52 percent) of front-line fast-food workers must rely on at least one public assistance program to support their families. Outlets may be stands or kiosks, which may provide no shelter or seating,[2] or fast food restaurants (also known as quick service restaurants). Fast food is the term for a kind of food that people eat from a restaurant, cafe or take-out where food is prepared and served quickly. [43], A study done by researchers from the Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth College saw results that suggest that when children watch more commercial television (and see more advertisements on fast food), they are more inclined to ask to visit these subsequent fast food restaurants. Children's power over their parents' purchases is estimated to total $300 to $500 billion every year. The Canadian Extreme Pita franchise sells low fat and salt pita sandwiches with stores in the larger Canadian cities. Fast food restaurants are traditionally distinguished by their ability to serve food via a drive-through. Excessive consumption of fatty ingredients such as these results in unbalanced diet. ", "Differential associations of fast food and restaurant food consumption with 3-y change in body mass index: the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults Study", "Environmental Influences on Eating and Physical Activity", The Role of Built Environments in Physical Activity, Eating, and Obesity in Childhood, "Fast Food Consumption, Quality of Diet, and Obesity among Isfahanian Adolescent Girls", Study finds deregulation fuelling obesity epidemic. [citation needed], Eating fast food has been linked to, among other things, cardiovascular disease, colorectal cancer, obesity, high cholesterol, insulin resistance conditions and depression. In addition, although some people dislike fast food for its predictability, it can be reassuring to a hungry person in a hurry or far from home. This sense of trust leads to increased customer loyalty which gives the company a source of recurring business. Fast food chains rely on consistency and uniformity, in internal operations and brand image, across all of their restaurant locations in order to convey a sense of reliability to their customers. Nearly from its inception, fast food has been designed to be eaten "on the go" and often does not require traditional cutlery and is eaten as a finger food. November 13, 2015. The perceived creation of a "discount" on individual menu items in exchange for the purchase of a "meal" is also consistent with the loyalty marketing school of thought.[12]. Ready made food at a Haldiram's restaurant in Delhi for quick service. Some of the most popular foods include frango assado (Piri-piri grilled chicken previously marinated), francesinha, francesinha poveira, espetada (turkey or pork meat on two sticks) and bifanas (pork cutlets in a specific sauce served as a sandwich). Upon opening for business, the franchisee oversees the day-to-day operations of the restaurant and acts as a manager of the store. [49] McDonald's alone, has outlets in 126 countries on 6 continents and operates over 31,000 restaurants worldwide.[50]. Maid-Rites can be found in the midwest - mainly Iowa, Minnesota, Illinois, and Missouri. Dai pai dong and traditional Hong Kong street food may be considered close relatives of the conventional fast food outlet. KFC and Domino's Pizza have recently entered the country. 1940) and KFC (est. This process ensures a consistent level of product quality, and is key to being able to deliver the order quickly to the customer and eliminate labor and equipment costs in the individual stores. Sometimes the fries are served with combinations of sauces, most famously speciaal (special): mayonnaise, with (spiced) ketchup and chopped onions; and oorlog (literally "war"): mayonnaise and peanut sauce (sometimes also with ketchup and chopped onions). C’est sans réelle surprise quela nourriture de fast-food est trop grasse, trop sucrée, trop salée, pauvre en vitamines et en fibres. Other Canadian fast food chains such as Manchu Wok serve North American style Asian foods; this company is located mainly in Canada and the US, with other outlets on US military bases on other continents. Arguably, the first fast food restaurants originated in the United States with White Castle in 1921. [citation needed] The variety of gastronomic preferences across the regions, hereditary or acquired, has brought about different modules across the country.Many of the traditional dishes have been adapted to suit the emerging fast food outlets. The major focus on children by the fast food industry has created controversy due to the rising issue of child obesity in America. In Hong Kong, although McDonald's and KFC are quite popular, three major local fast food chains provide Hong Kong style fast food, namely Café de Coral, Fairwood, and Maxim MX. Fast food is a type of mass-produced food designed for commercial resale and with a strong priority placed on "speed of service" versus other relevant factors involved in culinary science.